What free software does the country recommend in 2022?

The Interministerial Digital Directorate and Taleb are updating the list of free programs recommended by the state. There are 287.

Who says new year, says new recommendations. Like every year, the Interministerial Base for Free Software (SILL) updates its suggestions for departments that wish to ditch some proprietary software. 2022 is no exception to this rule and additional proposals – a few dozen – have been added in recent months.

Document, dated August 5 and shared by Twitter.gouv.fr . account code (The “Free Software” center of Etalab and DINUM (Interministerial Digital Division), includes many new features since the beginning of the year, as well as software still recommended, such as Firefox, Gimp, Chromium, Debian, Drupal, FileZilla or Discourse or Apache.

Among the novelties arriving this year are Kleopatra (a certificate manager for cryptographic operations), Blender (a modeling program), Raspberry Pi OS (the Raspberry Pi operating system), Bitwarden (a password manager for words), and web development tools, such as Symfony, PHPUnit, and AngularJS.

It is recommended to use 287 free programs. // Source: SILL

If SILL is intended to be a public service guide for guidance in selecting free software, the selection work also takes into account their needs and feedback. In this regard, contributions are diverse: partners such as Pôle Emploi, the Ministry of Culture, IGN, CEA and universities contributed to SILL.

In the past, SILL has benefited from an annual update. Now it is done quickly. ” It is constantly updated by the working groups and published by the application company in a web version. DINUM in May 2021 is referenced in this thread. There is a dedicated site from now on, which can be consulted at any time to see if there have been new entries since the last time.

Openness to free software for ten years

2012 is the first turning point in the country’s openness to free software. SILL was born on the heels of Ayrault’s post, which outlines guidelines and advice on its use. View on ” Many positive experiences “, Benefits ” From long practice to use it “help” Skills development. »

Four years later, an article in the Digital Republic Act endorsed this path, and requested services ” Encourage the use of free software and open formats during development, purchase or use, in whole or in part, of such information systems » Parallel to proprietary software.

This development is viewed positively by the Audit Bureau. She indicated in 2018 that this category of programs “ The scope of aggregation extends beyond the sole scope of the state “,” Amplifies the state’s digital update “.” Sharing free developments now appears to be a powerful factor for effectiveness and influence ‘, she added.

pet penguin
libarian. symbolic art. // Source: Dominique Genin

DINUM recognizes these advantages. Free software is verifiable (its source code is available to everyone), controllable (which makes it possible to see if there are malicious processes) and adaptive (you can create a branch to add the missing functionality). In short, everything is transparent and everyone can use it without real restrictions.

DINUM does not dispute these assets. But it does not envisage abandoning proprietary software, which also has arguments – if it is argued that free software costs less than a proprietary tool, then it is nevertheless necessary to consider spending on training people and possible resistance on his part to moving to another software.

Thus, SILL is above all a guide to support public services. It is not necessarily a question of replacing everything in an ideological way. On the matter, DINUM noted that ” The state approach favors total efficiency, outside of any dogmatism, to allow it to choose between different solutions, free, publishers or hybrid. »

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