Responsible cloud, eco-designed sites, slow technology…Do companies have the means to think digitally sensibly?

What is less heavy and less realistic than a cloud? According to Tristan Labomme, Founding President of the Green IT Alliance, “Today is crazy Cloud where everyone puts everything and anything in it.” But the Cloud Not in the clouds, but in Data Center ‘ confirms the expert. Time and time again, companies face the same problem in terms of environmental impact: “Manufacturing new equipment to maintain servers and Cloud inside Data CenterIt is an effect 80 times greater than in the first year of use,” he adds.

If, as Frederic Bordage, independent expert and founder of Green IT, emphasized, operators Data Center You have done a great job for fifteen years to reduce your electricity consumption, “Should we then take advantage of that to store more data? It is not so for Caroline Fatou, the “responsible digital” manager at Capgemini Invent.” It is important to manage your consumption, to make sure You are managing unnecessary storage. It’s not Versailles, what! In its energy consumption management model, we must do the same in Cloud by setting limits. »

So companies face multiple challenges in implementing a digital sobriety policy, i.e. “reasonable due to the reasonable use of digital technology,” according to Frederic Bordage. The slow technologyEnvironmental Design for Digital Services, Searching for a Cloud Responsible, a lot of concepts that are incorporated step by step into corporate governance.

Building infrastructure and war strings

“Don’t miss your life at 40 if you don’t have a connected watch! Frederic Bordage insists. We must agree to go back to the second rung, encourage re-employment and think about digital sobriety.” While it is often associated with limitations, sobriety remains creative and allows positive solutions to emerge.

Caroline Fatou, who recently worked on the Nega Octet public project, a repository to measure the environmental impact of digital services and suggest ways to improve, makes a clear observation: “There is a real reflection to be had at work and on equipment, on how to make it last as long as possible, and how to delay obsolescence. programs”. So the expert ensures that companies must make choices, carefully choosing what is necessary in digital services and making them operate “as economically as possible”. In short, think about the environmental design of their digital services. “And create it in a very sober way,” adds Frédéric Bordage.

The slow technology At the service of digital sobriety

As for start-up WeatherForce, based in Toulouse, which provides rainfall forecasting service to farmers, slow technology It has profoundly changed the way we work. Frédéric Bordage, who enters in the context of a collective operation set up by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Hérault and Ademe, called “Green Concept”, tells how a smartphone equipped with 4G, and the equipment to access it, turned us into a 2G phone that receives SMS.

“For the existence of this service in emerging countries that are not equipped with 4G technology and also for its ecological design, we have worked on setting up a pilot village in Côte d’Ivoire,” the expert explains. Modern smartphones and networks have been replaced by a two-solution system: on the one hand, to send a text message to a mobile phone that may be 20 years old, and on the other hand, to circumvent the 30% illiteracy rate. In the country, the teacher receives an SMS and writes the information on the board, which is then transmitted to the parents who work the land when the children come home from school.”

Frédéric Bordage is delighted: “We don’t modify the effects that have already been created, we avoid them.” And for good reason, thanks to this solution slow technology-All digital that can be dispensed with has been removed. “It’s the perfect example to use Green color where is the high technology It is used only in Toulouse for a forecasting supercomputer, which makes it possible to know precisely and reliably when it rains, and thus to plant and harvest in a timely manner, by reducing the use of inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides …”.

operators Cloud Coming soon digital sobriety consultants?

Caroline Fatou stresses that doing an inventory of needs, and thinking about stored data, “also means learning to scale and update applications that are migrated to the cloud.” Easy access to files Cloud It is the bias of companies – as well as individuals for that matter – who feel they do not need to choose. “By pressing a button, everyone can access computing resources, without interruption of service, and copy them to several places, abounding with experts. However, if the Data Center They have made great progress in terms of energy efficiency, and operators still have to do in terms of reducing stocks and above all the circularity of the components they use.”

In the power supplier model, Caroline Fatou suggests that cloud providers ultimately advise their customers to choose their storage offering. “Why not take advantage of their expertise and visibility to support companies in reducing their environmental footprint, and their impact at the same time?” If the practice is marginal today, the reason is clearly financial: ‘The more the company consumes, the more interest it takes.’ cloud provider “,” admit, confused.

For Frederic Bordage, the effort must go further. “How could it be Cloud Providers Are they not transparent about their environmental impacts? They deal only with greenhouse gas emissions, which in France make up only 11% of the impact of digital technology. Which means they evade roughly 90% of their influence. Either they are stupid or pretend.

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