Russia leaves before the other partners

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[EN VIDÉO] ISS: Until 2030 and beyond?
The International Space Station will continue to welcome astronauts from all over the world for science missions until 2030. And to support missions of space conquest that must take humans to the moon and even to Mars. (in English) © NASA

During a televised meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Yury Borisov, the new director of Roscosmos was appointed in Replacement of Dmitry Rogozin, spoke about the near future of the Russian space program. Several topics were discussed, including Russia’s participation in the International Space Station programme.

Unsurprisingly, he acted on the decision made by his predecessor to leave the International Space Station after 2024, which in itself is not surprising. In fact, all ISS partners planned to leave the program after 2024 as the ISS will be Absorbed in January 2031. However, Russia will jump ship a little earlier than the others, which should not be a problem. In fact, what is seen as a calming gesture; Yuri Borisov explained to Vladimir Putin that ” Of course we are [la Russie, ndlr] It will fulfill all our commitments to our partners, but the decision was made to leave this station after 2024 In other words, Russia’s withdrawal from the program will go well intelligence With other partners, without haste and without endangering survival orbital complex and its occupants. It should be noted that neither NASA, the European Space Agency nor the Canadian Space Agency have been officially notified of this Russian withdrawal.

The hard bet for an independent Russian station

Yuri Borisov also noted that Russia plans to establish an orbital station by 2024, describing this project as “ priority space program “. He admitted that as a result of Western sanctions against Russia, the space industry is in a state of ” hard situation “.

The idea of ​​creating an independent Russian space station is not new. It has been mentioned several times in recent years. Among the options considered, the now-abandoned option of a small orbital complex that will reuse some or all of the units from the Russian part of the International Space Station. This project to separate all or only part of the Russian part of the International Space Station was difficult to achieve anyway and an unprecedented technological headache.

The most recent project to date is Project Construction from a new station. baptized Russians (Russian orbital space station), this station will not be permanently occupied. Consisting of at least four modules with docking ports and an exit lock from space, it will be installed in an orbit different from that of the International Space Station with an inclination of 97 degrees instead of 51.6 degrees. A mile allows full coverage of the Russian territory for only 20% by the International Space Station. Prior to the conflict with Ukraine, Russia had planned to launch the first unit in 2028 and put into operation in early 2030.

The state of the Russian space sector and international sanctionsThe economic and financial conditions that prevent Russia from purchasing certain components make it extremely difficult to achieve them in the timeframe envisaged by Moscow.

Space Station: Russia may decide to suspend its participation in the program

Article from Remy Decor Posted on 04/04/2022

A new series of tweets by Dmitry Rogozin, director of Roscosmos, indicates that Russia may decide to suspend its participation in the International Space Station program. The international community’s refusal to lift sanctions against Russia explains this decision.

Will space relations between the historical partners of Roscosmos and Russia reach the point of no return? In a series of tweets published on April 2, Roscosmos director Dmitry Rogozin once again attacked the space station program partners, whom he blamed for the sanctions imposed on Russia following the invasion of Ukraine.

The ” Return to normal relations between the partners of the International Space Station and other cooperation projects will be possible only after the lifting of all Western sanctions against Moscow “He did not state. Realizing that there was a very small chance of this happening in the near future, Rogozin specified that he would inform the Russian Government of his proposals with a view to ” Cessation of cooperation on the International Space Station with the space agencies of the United States, Canada, the European Union and Japan “.

Separation of extreme complexity

However, he did not specify how the end of this cooperation will be achieved or whether it will be phased. Précisions que, s’il est physiquement impossible — ou plutôt d’une complexité extrême — de séparer le segment russe du reste du complexe orbital, les deux segments ne peuvent pas fonctionner l’un sans l’autre dans la actuelle de configuration station.

If Vladimir Putin decides to suspend Russian participation in the ISS program until sanctions are lifted, it is a safe bet that the United States, in consultation with other partners, could decide to consider decommissioning the ISS well in advance of schedule. date and therefore not to wait until January 2031 to Get rid of the station.

Having said that, Russia might think twice before exiting the program. By turning away and severing ties with its historical partners, it could lose what little remains of its “space power” status. A prestige that is not about to be regained.

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