The Incredible Access Foundation for Linux in the Digital Economy of the 21st Century

last week Linux Foundation hold her Open Source Summit in North America in Austin. The week-long summit allows for a large number of breakout sessions as well as many keywords. european open source summit Will be held in Dublin in September and Japan Open Source Summit In Yokohama in December.

I shared with Open and collaborative innovation And the open source communities since the nineties. In particular, I was asked to lead a new team Linux Initiative Launched by IBM in January 2000 to incorporate Linux into all of the company’s products and services.

At the time, Linux had already been embraced by the research, Internet, and supercomputing communities, but many players in the commercial market were puzzled by IBM’s decision. In subsequent years, we made no effort to explain to the business community why we support Linux, which included a number of Linux ads as such this With Muhammad Ali who participated in the Super Bowl in 2006. IBM also had to fight a A multi-billion dollar lawsuit Because of alleged intellectual property violations in his contributions to Linux development. However, by the end of the 2000s, Linux had crossed the gap to widespread adoptionHaving been adopted by a large number of companies around the world.

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In 2000, IBM, along with HP, Intel, and many other companies, formed a consortium to support the continued development of Linux and founded a new non-profit organization, open source development labs (OSDL). In 2007, OSDL merged with the Free Standards Group (FSG) and became Linux Foundation (LF). In 2011, LF celebrated the 20th anniversary of Linux with the release of LinuxCon North America conspiracy. I had the honor to give one of opening speech At the Vancouver conference, where I talked about my personal involvement with Linux and open source.

Over the next decade, LF underwent a significant expansion. In 2017, its annual conferences were renamed Open Source Summits Be more representative of the more general open source LF mission outside of Linux. Then in April 2021, the Lebanese Army announced the formation of Linux Foundation ResearchA new organization for a better understanding of opportunities for collaboration in the many open source activities that LF has subsequently been involved in. Hillary Carter Join LF as Vice President for Research and Head of the New Initiative.

A few months later, Carter set up a board to provide insight into emerging technologies that could have a significant impact on the growing number of open source LF projects, as well as to explore the role of open source in helping address some of the world’s problems. The most pressing challenge. I was invited to become a member of the LF Research Advisory Committee, an invitation which I quickly accepted.

After retiring from IBM in 2007, I got involved in a number of new areas, such as the cloud, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and the emerging digital economy. As a result, I wasn’t involved much with the Linux Foundation in 2010 and continued to see LF as the primary oversight of Linux development. But once I joined the Research Advisory Board and learned about LF’s development over the past decade, I was frankly surprised by the impressive scope of its activities. Let me summarize what I learned.

Once I joined the Research Advisory Board and learned about the development of LF over the past decade, I was frankly surprised by the impressive scope of its activities.

according to son siteLF now has more 1260 member companiesIncluding 14 platinum and 19 gold, and supports hundreds of open source projects. Some projects focus on horizontal technologies, others on industry sectors, and many are subprojects within a larger open source project.

Horizontal technology areas include artificial intelligence, machine learning, data and analytics; augmented and virtual reality manufacturing additives; blockchain. cloud containers and virtualization; Internet of Things & ft. Linux kernel; network and device; open material critical safety systems; protection ; storage; System administration and web and application development. Include specific infrastructure projects OpenSSFOpen Source Software Security Foundation; LF AI and data, – whose mission is to build and support open source innovations in the areas of artificial intelligence and data; and the Hyperledger Corporation– which hosts a number of enterprise-level blockchain sub-projects, such as Hyperbook cactusTo help securely integrate different block chains; Peso Hyperledger, – authorized Ethereum client for blockchains; And the Hyperledger caliperBlockchain benchmarking tool.

Industry sectors include automotive and aviation; education and training; energy resources; government and regulatory agencies; Health Care; manufacturing and logistics; media and entertainment; Packaged products details. technology; and communications. Industry-focused projects include LF Energy– aims to digitize the energy sector to help achieve decarbonization goals; linux car categoryAccelerate the development and adoption of a fully open software suite for the connected car; chip alliance– to accelerate the development of open source hardware; Civil Infrastructure PlatformEnable the development and use of software bricks for civil infrastructures; LF public healthImproving equity and innovation in global health; And the Academy Programs Foundation– which focuses on building an open source ecosystem for the animation and visual effects industry and hosts a number of related sub-projects such as OpenColorIO – a color management framework; OpenCue – rendering management system; and OpenEXR – the motion picture industry’s professional image storage format.

LF estimates that the projects it sponsors have developed more than one billion lines of open source code that underpins a large percentage of the world’s critical infrastructure. These projects have generated more than $54 billion in economic value. United nations recent study to speak European Commission sensitive The economic impact of open source in all member states in 2018 ranged between 65 and 95 billion euros. To better understand the global economic impact of open source, LF Research sponsored a study Henry ChesbroughProfessor at the University of California at Berkeley and member of the advisory board.

The advancement of open source depends entirely on the contributions of highly skilled professionals. LF estimates that more than 750,000 developers from about 18,000 joint-stock companies have participated in its various projects around the world. To help train open source developers, LF offers more than 130 different cycles In a variety of areas, including systems management, cloud, containers, blockchain, IoT, and embedded development, as well as 25 certification programs.

Furthermore, LF, in partnership with edXThe online open learning organization created by Harvard and MIT conducted an annual web-based survey of open source professionals and hiring managers to determine the latest trends in open source jobs, the skills most in demand, what drives open source professionals, and how employers can attract and retain the best Talent, diversity issues in the industry.

The 10th Annual Report on Open Source Jobs Just released in June 2022. The report finds that there is still a shortage of skilled talent – ​​93% of hiring managers struggle to find professionals with open source expertise; Compensation became a differentiating factor – 58% of managers awarded salary increases to retain open source talent; Certifications have reached a new level of importance – 69% of hiring managers are more inclined to hire open source certified professionals; 63% of open source professionals believe that open source uses the latest technology; Cloud skills are the most in demand, followed by Linux, DevOps, and Security.

Finally, in his keynote address in Austin, Hillary Carter Here are 10 quick facts about open source from LF Research:

53% of survey respondents contribute to open source because it is “fun”.
86% of hiring managers say hiring open source talent is a priority for 2022;
2/3 of developers need more training to do their job;
The most used open source software was developed by only a handful of contributors – 136 developers who were responsible for more than 80% of the lines of code added to the first 50 packages;
45% of respondents indicated that their employers severely restrict or prohibit contributions to open source projects, whether private or work-related;
47% of organizations surveyed use a list of software materials (SBOM) today;
“You feel a sense of community and responsibility to lead this work and make it the best it can be;
1 in 5 professionals has experienced or is not welcomed with discrimination;
People who do not feel welcome in open source belong to disproportionately underrepresented groups;
“When we have many people with different backgrounds and opinions, we end up with better software.”

“Open source projects are here to stay, and they play a vital role in most organizations’ ability to deliver products and services to customers,” Someone says LF on its website. “As an organization, if you want to influence the open source projects that make your business successful, you need to get involved. Have a solid contribution strategy and implementation plan for your organization that you meet on your way to becoming a good citizen of the open source company.

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