long beforethere was that from Black, the most important thing mankind has ever known. caused by Yersinia pestis, The disease entered Europe around 1347 Across, In all probability, trade routes from Central Asia. Within seven years, the Black Death killed about 60% of Europe’s population. this first that swept between 1346 and 1353 allowed from a crowd of Secondary education in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, which spread until the end of the nineteenth centurye century.
Going back in time and determining the origin of the 500-year epidemic has been a real challenge for scientists, evenNew genomic data makes it possible to locate the onset of the Black Death epidemic both geographically and chronologically. According to this multidisciplinary team And biologists, it began in the mountainous regions around Lake Issyk Kul, located today in Kyrgyzstan, precisely in 1338.
This conclusion is based on archaeological evidence and. In fact, earlier research, conducted in 1886, had identified tombs dating from 1338-1339 near Lake Issyk Kul with a specific inscription in Syriac – the language spoken by these local communities – interpreted to mean “plague”. It is clear that a disease that claimed many victims in the region a few years before the arrival of the Black Plague in Europe.
This hypothesis, which has been discussed for a long time in the scientific community, was opposed to the most popular hypothesis, which laid the beginnings of the Black Death in China. ” We were finally able to prove that the epidemic mentioned on the tombstones was indeed caused by the plague “,”A historian at the University of Stirling.
… and genetics
Added to these archaeological clues is genetic work by a team from the University of Tübingen and Stirling. From’From It was isolated from the remains buried in “epidemic” tombs; From a genetics perspective, this belongs to strains that appeared before ” of genetic diversity. An event that allowed bacteria to gain abilities And that scientists placed between Xe and fourteene century. ” We found that the ancient Kyrgyz dynasty lies precisely at the center of this massive diversification event. In other words, we found the strain that caused the Black Death and know its exact date. [l’année 1338] ”, explains Maria Spiro, lead author of this work.
It is possible that the nomads of Lake Issyk Kul contracted the contamination through close contact with animals carrying Yersinia pestis. In fact, theIt is the natural reservoir of the plague – humans become ill Across A flea bite that lives on infected animals or through contact with another patient. Moreover, even today, bacteria are still protected in the organism of rodents and sometimes cause cases of plague, And in China.