The Internet of Things (IoT): Everywhere and for Everything

With the Internet of Things (IoT), comes support for connectivity Increased digitization of road freight transport. An overview of the solutions around you.

Connected objects are everywhere and for everything. So much so that a truck, a trailer, its equipment, or even a pallet and a package can be thought of as connected objects. They make it possible to improve and improve the management of transportation, vehicles or cargo tracking. In the face of a large number of offers from the automotive industry such as transportation technology providers or digital startups, many transportation companies are gradually acquiring the Internet of Things and entering the era of connected and digital transportation.

Smartphone, the new companion

This is probably the most commonly used connected object by drivers. The smartphone has become their travel companion, capable of replacing the traditional on-board computer screen. Accessible between €100 and €300 for a solid and rugged model, the device hosts several apps to manage daily tasks and connect to the vehicle or equipment.

The smartphone thus displays transport orders, the optimal route, messages from the operation, and environmental driving scores. It is used to control some equipment on the trailer or tire. It is even now used to scan delivery notes or digitize transport documents and send electronic bills of lading to corporate headquarters.

The Internet of things

TPMS and connected tires

Mandatory for heavy goods vehicles registered from 2024, according to the General Vehicle Safety Regulation 2019/2144, TPMS connects tires to remote transmission of tread pressure and temperature measurements. With the improvement in the offers of tire manufacturers and the arrival of information technologies or technology providers to this market, tires and TPMS are enriched with rubber wear metering sensors.

In-ground scanners check the tires of trucks as they pass over them. They are linked to communication boxes that transmit data over all possible networks (GSM, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, SigFox, etc.) to the reading stations or to the cloud.

Remote IT for tractor and trailer

ICTs are now standard on tractors and are widespread on board trailers. It allows to trace the technical data of seedlings to the farm or driver, in particular for diagnostics. Thus, axle load metering sensors are installed which can be transmitted remotely. Or even connected electronic locking systems that can only be unlocked remotely by the driver or the company, for example via a smartphone. Even walls or tarpaulins can be attached to detect bumps or attempted trailer breaks.

Surveillance Camera

Within about a year, most telecommunications companies had integrated onboard surveillance cameras and road safety cameras into their offerings. It is part of the 30 pieces of equipment that will be mandatory on vehicles by 2024 in order to improve safety and reduce accidents. Especially those that include pedestrians.

These connected cameras are positioned either outside the vehicle to view the immediate 360-degree environment, or behind the windshield to photograph the road and record any accident. In addition to reducing claims, it allows drivers to demonstrate good driving and reduce insurance premiums. Some also use it, along with information technologies, to master environmental driving solutions and then tailor-made driver training.

tank connected

In order to monitor fuel consumption and reduce theft by suction, the tanks are equipped with Alertgasoil type sensors and communication units. They measure diesel levels and trigger alerts if an abnormal drop occurs. The data processed by the AI ​​software can be compared to data for refueling or purchasing via fuel cards.

The Internet of things

Tags for swap bodies

Several beacons are available for geolocation and connection of railroad boxes, shipping containers or even pallets. These objects attach to the equipment and raise positions at regular intervals using programmable alerts in the event of deviation from the lane, eg (geofence). Beacons are even used to track goods or vehicles within warehouses when GPS coverage is not possible.

Internet of things and cold chain

The Internet of Things is meeting the growing demands of shippers for the ability to trace transport under controlled temperatures. In addition to connected refrigeration units, there are many solutions for recording sensors, measuring humidity or door openings. These cold chain monitoring technologies are more easily and quickly installed on board vehicles.

Renault Chasley

3 questions for

Alban de Villeneuve Transportation Manager at ID Logistics…

Transportation information: What is the connected object identifier used by logistics?
Alban de Villeneuve: Our French fleet of 120 motors has been connected via remote AddSecure technology paired since the beginning of the year with the Co-Driver app on drivers’ smartphones as well as a second in-house developed app for tracking. We also use Everysens signals to track swap bodies for our road rail operations.

Trailers are connected via Goodyear’s TPMS systems which determine tire position as well as temperature and pressure. For temperature controlled transportation, our refrigeration units are connected to raise temperatures.

Logistics ID

He. She: What are their uses??
case: Remote IT geolocates vehicles and retrieves driving times and technical data for eco-driving. The app integrates messaging to send road maps and transportation orders to drivers and communicate with operators. A smartphone allows some customers to flash barcodes affixed to pallets upon delivery to track and control each stage of the process.

The next step planned for this year will include imaging to digitize transport documents and delivery notes. Thanks to Everysens signals, we know the GPS location of the swap objects every 20 minutes, in order to determine if they are at the customer’s location, on a truck or on a train.

He. She: What gains do you see??
case: Communication enables the provision of information to our clients as well as to our own operations. Thus we can provide the data to service providers such as Shippeo, which follow up with our customers. Since the crisis but even before then, with each new call for bids, customers demand significant CSR resources with a structured chapter dedicated to tracking flows in order to see rates of loading and delivery punctuality. The challenge is to eliminate penalties in case of late delivery.

Through the connection, they are provided with all valid transfer history of their clients. In addition, the monitoring of cash registers makes it possible to reduce costs, for example, guarding. Likewise, the TPMS system, which completely eliminated tire blowouts, improves safety and reduces the cost of fleet repair or maintenance.

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