In addition to the economic benefits for manufacturers, manufacturers, merchants, etc., things connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) offer social and economic benefits to society and humanity as a whole.
IoT objects offer many economic advantages: manufacturers are notified of device performance degradation and can disable it during off-peak times; Warehouses and physical companies better manage their inventory and energy suppliers bill actual consumption without having to send an on-site agent to read the meter.
In addition to institutional deployments, the Internet of Things is increasingly being adopted by healthcare professionals, nature conservation organizations, and educational institutions to deliver better patient care, wildlife conservation, and provide resources for students away from traditional schools.
Internet of things at the service of nature
Black rhinos in Tanzania’s Mukumazi National Park were recently equipped with Internet of Things sensors to allow rangers to accurately track their whereabouts to better protect them from poachers. The guards are informed several times an hour of the position of the mammals so that they can intervene very quickly.
Similarly, the Virginia Aquarium and Marine Science Center, Virginia Beach, keeps a history of each of the fish in its 170,000-liter aquarium via an RFID system to give itself the means to improve their conditions, lives, health, and longevity.
There are many other examples of IoT applications to better protect animal habitats and the ecosystem in which they live.
Deployments are expected to multiply and become more powerful with the growing maturity of 5G and AI technologies that will produce more complex data and actionable information (eg about malnutrition) to better support conservation efforts.
In any case, these systems are expected to facilitate wildlife monitoring and be increasingly economical. In fact, while most censored environments already have a robust technology and internet infrastructure, many uncontrolled environments do not and have to be content with GPS and mobile data collection.
As in the health sector
In the healthcare sector, IoT devices are increasingly being used to monitor patients’ vital signs and symptoms at home. Not only do patients appreciate convalescence at home, which is cheaper for them than hospitalization, they also provide beds for more serious cases.
The applications are numerous: postnatal monitoring of the health of infants, detection of falls in the elderly (with alerting first responders), postoperative monitoring. The ability to monitor the patient’s health status in real time makes it possible to intervene more quickly and to postpone the repetition of consultation appointments.
With the spread of the epidemic, the practice of remote consultations has spread. All parties save time and money and allow for more regular consultations to be scheduled than face-to-face consultations. Whether they are in urban or rural areas, patients appreciate these consultations and are reassured that any problem can be detected as quickly as possible.
And in education
Everyone was able to gauge the educational benefits of the Internet of Things during the COVID-19 pandemic as students of all ages had to adjust to school at home. And even if schools reopen now, accidental closures due to COVID or other (such as snow) is still possible, but without interrupting the program, once you switch to another operating mode.
In addition to distance learning, the Internet of Things enables the use of virtual reality, augmented reality, and other learning experiences, both in the classroom and remotely.
But as with wildlife conservation and health, there are isolated rural areas, particularly in developing countries, that still lack access to reliable internet infrastructure. The educational resources can then be accessed through cellular connectivity and IoT connected objects.
We are still at the beginning of exploring the many social and economic benefits that IoT objects promise. To see it, it is necessary to continue to deploy in connected environments as well as in areas that have to combine GPS and cellular networks.