Previously if the chassis should be limited to Wi-Fi or LPWAN Technology Lora or Sigfox to deploy their own wireless network, it is now possible to create a private 5G network and connect large amounts of devices to it without having to go through an external resource.
Many manufacturers and operators are now reporting the benefits of 5G. More specifically, its ability to guarantee a Better management and control of wireless environments High-density multi-cell / multi-access point deployments The Internet of things. Not to mention its ability to deliver speeds Gigabit request for smart phones. At the same time, the private 5G network that exploits the new functions of 5G and is deployed in corporate networks is gradually entering the market.
It is true that in a world where competition is fierce, companies must now face new challenges. Between continuous improvement Productivity and Efficiency Throughout the value chain, the need for excellence in order to remain competitive has objectives Energy consumption emitting carbon dioxide and improving worker safety and equipment conditionOperational experience Now necessary to meet these challenges.
To do this, architectures must rely on more efficient private networks that allow them to exploit a greater number of use cases. And that’s the whole point of the 5G private network. Let’s explore 5G technology in more detail and all the deployment options for companies to create a private 5G network.
Back to What is 5G
From the official name IMT-2020, it is similar to 5G The fifth generation of standards For mobile telephony designed for business and highly adaptable to changes.
This mobile communication technology has a data volume for 20 gigabits of data per secondIts speed is up to 4 times faster than 4G LTE, its latency is less than a millisecond and its ability to connect a large number of objects.
Moreover, 5G is positioned to reduce network saturation and allow high speed object tracking. Something 4G can’t do. By not only focusing on radio technology, 5G also makes it possible Create specialized service interfaces for the industry.
In general, companies can now create their own 5G network thanks to 4 factors:
- The Internet of things
- Access to spectrum and frequencies
- An open source program on Github that not only allows you to develop a file Internet of Things platform or 5G base network
- Cloud Native Evolution
Prerequisites for creating a good 5G infrastructure
As 5G continues to add new capabilities and features, many companies want to create a private 5G network within their architecture to anticipate and ensure a better advantage for their operations. But creating a private 5G infrastructure comes with some technical challenges and requires the use of Partner ecosystem. This is the combination of capabilities and resources needed for these new technologies.
Among other things, it will be necessary to combine LimeSDR mini, Raspberry Pi as well as Ettus x310 and X86 server to be able to take advantage of the most advanced features and reach high speed or connect hundreds of IoT devices.
In addition, two groups are still recommended to create an effective private 5G network. It’s the formula:
- OpenRAN, Magma, Charmed Kubernetes, OpenStack
- MASS, LXD and MicroK8s
Then, to ensure wide coverage, 5G needs frequencies in the following three frequency bands:
- Frequency bands 700 and 800MHz
- The frequency range between 3.4 and 3.8 GHz is necessary for 5G capacity and for first industrial applications
- Millimeter waves at 26 GHz in France
Creating a private 5G network: very strict requirements
Depending on the application, creating a private 5G network requires more stringent requirements than commercial network architectures in terms of Service availability, reliability, compliance, and quality of service (QoS).
This means, among other things, a preference for vectorial beam architectures in which static beamforming will be enhanced Offers as such More powerful And smart site.
Implementation network infrastructure Service-Based (SBA) is still necessary in addition to SDN (Software Defined Virtual Networking). These will support network slicing and automatic service provisioning. Especially for Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), massive machine-to-machine communications, as well as low latency and reliability communications.
For 44% of respondents, integrating 5G into existing systems and networks is a major barrier. The complexity of the infrastructure needed to deploy 5G (37%) and the lack of technical skills for staff to manage 5G networks (30%) are other impediments to the adoption of private 5G networks.