Comparison of open source tools for IoT application development

Tools and platforms open source They constitute the main elements of the ecosystem of the Internet of Things. In fact, they make it possible to collect and process some information using back-end programs.

The Internet of Things is the future of the technology sector. It allows artificial intelligence (AI) to organize and design certain tasks in a more efficient way. This article presents various open source platforms and tools that allow the development of structured IoT systems. Read on to find out more.

1. Zetta: An Internet of Things platform based on Node.js APIs.

zeta Allows the development of APIs aimed at building servers that run on geographically distributed devices and on the cloud. In fact, this solution combines REST, WebSocket, and Reactive programming interfaces. In fact, this platform is one of the ideal open source tools for combining multiple IoT devices into one data-intensive application.

Special Features

Zetta has a profile Programming software needed to manage sensors, actuators and controllers. Also, it also works on the cloud just as it works on the computer or even on the electronic boards.

Thanks to this technology, developers can run a series of applications targeting smartphones, devices, and the cloud.

2. Arduino: An open source tool used to build electronic projects

Presenting itself as a high-performance platform, Arduino Allow Create IoT applications in a few simple steps. With a combination of smart technologies, user-friendly interfaces, and powerful features, this The service is within everyone’s reach.

Arduino open source iot toolsBy the way, Arduino Consists of a physical programmable printed circuit board (microcontroller) and software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment). The latter runs on the computer and is used to write and download computer code to the physical board.

Unlike most programmable circuit boards, This tool does not need a separate device (called a programmer) to upload a new code to the board. The user can only use the USB cable.

In addition, the Arduino IDE uses a simplified version of C++, which makes programming easier to learn. Finally, this tool provides the standard form factor that breaks down the functions of the microcontroller into an accessible package.

3. OpenRemote: 100% open source IoT platform

far It allows converting data into information and developing customized software.

This open source platform provides its clients with the tools to assess their challenges and to design, build and manage their IoT applications.

Moreover, this platform It can be applied to the management of any asset class. Including vehicle fleets, power systems or efficient crowd management. It can also help build smart cities, buildings, and airports.

Main Features

  • Generic Asset Model and Attributes with Multiple Asset Types
  • Agents for a company Handling protocols such as HTTP, MQTT, or REST
  • Data management editor, combined with WHEN-THEN interface and Groovy language
  • Edge Gate To link multiple entities into a centralized control structure.

4. Node-RED: Low code programming for event applications

open source red knot iotNode-RED, created by IBM, is part of a free, open source development toolkit using visual programming for the Internet of Things. In fact, he Provides the ability to connect devices or services via the Internet or APIs.

On the other hand, Node-RED provides a streaming editor within a web browser. her environment Works on Node.js, and product feeds are archived in JSON format. Its functions are written in JavaScript.

The number of available nodes is very large and categorized. Additionally, Node-RED can subscribe locally and publish to MQTT, making it an ideal home automation companion.

5. Flutter: Open Source Mobile SDK Developer

flutter It presents itself as a programmable central processor specifically designed to facilitate the performance of various computer work.

It is suitable for young entrepreneurs and experts who are looking for better open source tools to implement IoT projects.

Flutter feature is to its carrying capacity. In fact, this Arduino-based platform integrates a wireless transmitter capable of transmitting information over a range of one kilometer. Moreover, it is not necessary to have a router, because the PCB fleets connect to each other easily. The system is easy to handle with AES 256 encoding.

Main Features

  • performance speed
  • Intuitive and easy to use interface
  • Innovative functions
  • Graphics quality current applications.

6. M2MLabs Mainspring: An Open Source Application Framework

This open source architecture is suitable for creating solutions M2M (machine to machine). These systems include Remote monitoring or smart network management. The feature set includes:

  • flexible device modeling,
  • hardware configuration,
  • communication between devices and machines,
  • data consolidation and verification,
  • Long-term storage of information
  • And the restoration of the latter

The platform is heavily based on Java as well as Apache Cassandra. Thanks to the characteristics of this open source tool, it It became possible to prototype M2M applications within a very short period of time.

7. ThingsBoard: An open source IoT data management tool

the plate of things Enables device communication via wireless network protocols including HTTP, MQTT and CoAP. It is an open source tool that supports on-premises or cloud IoT deployments. It combines scalability, troubleshooting, and performance so you never lose data.

In addition, the plate of things It is based on the Netty system, which is compatible with many applications. Then it is sufficient to add new hardware protocols by including incoming and outgoing channel managers for these new concepts.

Open Source Thingsboard Software Tools

ThigsBoard Features

  • Trusted platform It reconciles adaptability, production capacity, and resistance to failure.
  • Convert and standardize device input Facilitate red banners.
  • Simultaneous management of multiple devices.
  • Multi-tenant systems are immediately available.

8. Kinoma: An IoT tool that includes three different open source projects

Kinoma consists of a hardware prototype development group divided into three different projects. especially

studio kimona

This tool isDevelopment environment that combines Kinoma Create and Platform Runtime. Moreover, it makes it possible to design applications for smart devices connected to the Internet.


This JavaScript-powered builder It has everything needed to build prototypes of small scale IoT tools and applications. Its range of applications includes light conductors, temperature sensors, actuators, and more.

Kimona Connect

This app Works for free on Android and iOS. In addition, it enables easy configuration of data streams using IoT enabled devices.

9. Kaa: A Versatile Middleware Platform

KAA iotThis tool is open source Facilitates the design of end-to-end solutions, as well as connected objects and smart devices.

It adapts to the requirements of small start-ups as well as large organizations and offers advanced models for multiple cloud technologies.

In addition, it depends on a Flexible architecture while meeting almost any user requirements with ease Thanks to the following properties.

  • Enhances device interoperability
  • Control devices and ensure that they are provided and configured remotely
  • Create cloud solutions for smart devices.

This middleware platform can be accessed for free by companies for a 30-day trial.

10. SiteWhere: An Open Source Application Enabler for the Internet of Things

SiteWhere platform ensures that Collect, store and transfer device data. Offers HBase and MongoDB solutions optimized with Apache Tomcat.

The SiteWhere platform can be deployed on cloud infrastructures such as AWS, Azure, and GCP as well as on premises. This solution also supports the creation of Kubernetes clusters.

Other Features

  • Run any type of IoT software from a single SiteWhere interface.
  • The spring provides the main configuration structure.
  • Ability to add widgets easily.
  • Using InfluxDB to store event data streams
  • Device connection with Stomp, MQTT and AMQP protocols

11. DSA facilitates device interconnection

Distributed Services Architecture (DSA), is Open source IoT platform enhances connectivity between devices. Its goal is to unify disparate devices, services, and applications In a structured and adaptable real-time data model.

Furthermore it, Its principle is to create a community of manufacturers, builders and solution providers. These will contribute to an ever-expanding library that enables protocol translation and data integration.

This architecture of the network protocol allows the distribution of functions between separate computing resources. In addition, it can withstand failures and take advantage of all computing resources available at the edge, in the data center, and in the cloud.

12. Cloud Platform for the Internet of Things

Thinger iot is open provides all the tools needed to design, scale and manage connected products in a very simple way.

The goal is to democratize the use of IoT by making it accessible to the whole world and by rationalizing the development of large IoT projects.

  • Free Internet of Things Platform. offers a free account for life with some restrictions just to start learning and prototyping.
  • simple yet powerful. It only takes a few lines of code to connect a device and start collecting data.
  • Hardware Compatibility. Any device from a different vendor can be easily integrated into the infrastructure.
  • Efficient and highly scalable infrastructure. Thanks to the unique connection model, a single instance of can manage thousands of IoT devices.

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